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Disease in Rabbits

Disease in Rabbits - Rabbit Wearing MaskAccording to a survey by American Pet Products Association, there were around 3-7 million pet rabbits in the US, just behind dogs and cats in popularity.

Rabbits make excellent pets, as can be seen with the increasing number of people adopting them. Unlike any other pets, they have distinctive personalities; quite independent and charming as cats; faithful and friendly as dogs. They are also smart and openly affectionate.

As with every pet, you need to facilitate them with appropriate accommodation, food, and exercise. Though pretty much low maintenance, rabbits can be susceptible to health problems that can turn out to be fatal unless treated at the right time.

This article takes you through the diseases found in rabbits (common, gastrointestinal, fatal, and urinary tract) and their symptoms.

Common Diseases of Pet Rabbits

Rabbits though domesticated, are generally prey and, as such, will hide any signs of infection. So, it is recommended that the pet owners maintain hygiene, proper diet and closely observe them for any diseases.

Uterine Cancer

Uterine cancer is prevalent among female rabbits. Few breeds have 50-80% chances of developing cancer. There are no treatments available except desexing the rabbit as early as four months before cancer develops.

Symptoms include blood-stained vaginal discharge, mammary gland cysts, aggressive behavior, lethargy, to name a few.

Rabbit Calicivirus

A common yet deadly disease is the Rabbit Calicivirus and is very difficult to treat. Upon contracting it, the symptoms progress quickly within 12-18 hours, resulting in heart and respiratory failure.

Due to its severity, vets prefer to vaccinate the rabbits against the virus at 10-12 weeks. The vaccination has two doses, with one each month and a booster dose every six months.

The signs displayed by the animal include fever, lethargy, poor appetite, bloody discharge from the nose, and restlessness.

Hairballs

Hairballs are frequently found in rabbits so much that if your pet is lethargic and doesn’t eat, you better contact a vet. They are self-grooming animals, and during the process, they may ingest the hair, which then passes through the gut. If it doesn’t pass through fecal matter, it may form hairballs blocking the gut.

Medications to get the gut working can help to an extent, but surgery is the only option in severe cases. To prevent it from happening, your rabbit’s diet should be rich in fiber.

Snuffles

Snuffles is another common disease seen mainly in young rabbits caused by Pasteurella Bacterium. The condition, while easy to treat, is impossible to cure. If your rabbit develops a chronic infection, it can always present with watery eyes.

Signs of the illness include sneezing, watery eyes and nose, abscesses, uterine infections, and ear infections (leading to head tilts). Snuffles is easily transmitted between rabbits, so keep new rabbits separately from the older ones.

Treatment involves antibiotics administered by a veterinarian along with eye drops and nasal drops. The litter should be changed daily, and the cage kept clean.

Parasites

Much like your cats and dogs, rabbits are also susceptible to parasites like ticks, fleas, mange, fly strikes, and ear mites. Flystrike can be seen in the rear end, tail, belly, and back of the animal, especially during the summer months.

As for ear mites, they present as skin scales on the inner ear and, if left untreated, turn into crusted lesions. At this point, it causes balance issues and loss of hearing.

Do not self-treat your pet, as the medicines meant for other types of pets like dogs and cats can be lethal for rabbits. Leave it to the vets for diagnosis and treatment.

Overgrown Incisors

A rabbit’s teeth grow throughout its lifetime. Chewing on fiber-rich grass hay and grinding on wood blocks will keep them at a standard length. However, sometimes they can grow too much and hurt their tongue in cheek, preventing it from eating or grooming itself.

The only treatment option is through your vets, who would grind the teeth back to regular length under anesthesia. However, you can prevent it from happening by making sure 80%-90% of the food is fiber.

Inflammatory Bowel Disease or Enteritis

Inflammatory Bowel Disease is one of the widespread diseases among rabbits. Unfortunately, the disease itself is a sign of an underlying condition and not the cause.

The symptoms include:

  • Watery diarrhea
  • Constipation
  • Reduced food intake
  • Mild dehydration

The above signs are not easily noticeable, and before long, the animal slips into a coma.

Rabbits are prey animals in the wild, hence have a heightened adrenaline production for any perceived threat. Your pet rabbits are also the same; Apart from maintaining acceptable hygiene practices and diet, you may want to follow the below stress management practices:

  • Protect the rabbit from excessive noise, heat, and cold.
  • Do not switch feeds abruptly.
  • Even an extended family visit is stressful.

Disease in Rabbits - Vet Looking at Rabbit X-RayUrinary Tract Disease in Rabbits

Rabbits differ from most mammals in the sense that their calcium absorption is unregulated. While the necessary calcium is absorbed, the excess is secreted via urine as much as 60% if fed a high calcium diet. It can also lead to urinary tract diseases identified by a loss of fur in the genital region and hindquarters.

Renal (Kidney) Disease

While acute renal disease is rare, chronic renal failure is commonly seen among rabbits, even in the young ones. Failure happens when the kidneys are unable to filter the waste and are irreversible. For mild cases, along with the medications, the vets use:

  • Low calcium diet
  • Fluid therapy
  • Nutritional support

The symptoms include: Lethargy, dehydration, loss of appetite, diarrhea, fever, increased water intake, depression, increased urination, weight loss, urine scalding, seizures, to name a few.

Hypercalciuria and Urolithiasis

Since rabbits excrete calcium via urine, a high amount of calcium can give cloudy and sludgy urine and lead to uroliths. Other causes may be musculoskeletal conditions, obesity, low water intake, neurologic disease, and poor hygiene practices.

Your vet may look into possible treatment options, including antibiotics along with flushing and suctioning the bladder via a catheter.

Lower Urinary Tract Infection

Accumulation of bacteria leads to lower urinary tract infection in rabbits. Even though bacteria cause the disease, the underlying reason may be a weakened immune system and high calcium content in the urine. The condition is predominantly seen in rabbits 3-5 years of age and obese animals.

Signs of the infection include:

  • Urinary incontinence
  • Frequent urination
  • Bloody/thick/beige or blown colored urine
  • Skin ulcer around the genital area and hind legs

The condition is not severe, and vets offer treatments including:

  • Increase in water intake
  • Weight loss
  • More exercise
  • Modified diet
  • Antibiotics

Gastrointestinal (GI) Stasis in Rabbits

Gastrointestinal (GI) stasis is a pretty serious bacterial disease that slows down, or worse, stops it completely. The malfunction can cause a buildup of harmful bacteria, which releases gas, causing bloating. Rabbits affected by GI stasis lose the motivation to drink and eat, getting starved without any nutrition or fiber.

This results in a buildup of toxins in the system, causing the liver to overwork and fails ultimately.

Symptoms of the disease include:

  • Small/No fecal pellets
  • Loss of appetite
  • Lethargy

Treatment for the disease starts as soon as you contact the veterinarian. Depending on the condition of the animal, he may proceed with:

  • Pain medication
  • IV fluids
  • Motility drugs
  • Antibiotics

Tularemia – Symptoms and Causes

Also known as rabbit fever or deer fly fever, Tularemia is a bacterial disease that affects the rabbit’s eyes, skin, lymph nodes, and lungs. Humans can also become infected by this rare infectious bacteria when bitten by an animal.

The bacterial disease is caused by the bacteria Francisella Tularensis which mainly affects rabbits, hares, rodents, birds, sheep, dogs, cats, hamsters, and many more. Rabbits contract tularemia during winter, rabbit hunting season. The bacteria is prevalent all across the US except Hawaii.

Ticks, particularly the lone star tick, dog tick, and wood tick, transmit the bacteria F Tularensis between rabbits, other animals, and humans. They may also spread through inhalation, eyes, and nose.

Rabbits are the source of 90% of the Tularemia cases in the US, of which 70% is via cottontail rabbits. Ingesting the meat of the infected animal and drinking contaminated water can also spread bacteria among humans.

Most of these animals are long dead due to organ failure before you begin to notice them. However, here are a few symptoms that have been seen in affected rabbits:

  • High fever
  • Weakness
  • Ulcers
  • Abscesses

The diagnosis of rabbit fever is difficult since the symptoms may also be a sign of another illness too. Your vet will perform a complete panel of blood tests, including a blood chemical profile, a total blood count, and an electrolyte panel. If caught early, antibiotic treatment can help the affected animals.

Since the rabbit fever is highly contagious, you may want to contact your vet anyway to report your suspicion, even if your pet is dead.

Myxomatosis in Rabbits: Symptoms and Treatment

Myxomatosis is a viral infection in rabbits caused by the myxoma virus. It is highly contagious and has a very low to no survival rate so much that vets prefer to have the rabbit put down.

Myxomatosis virus is generally spread through ticks and insects. So, if a rabbit, wild or domestic, has it in the region, the chances are that it will spread widely.

Signs of the disease can take fourteen days to manifest in an infected animal and include fever, listlessness, skin ulcer, lack of appetite, drooping ears, swollen head and genitalia, labored breathing, etc. In case you are suspicious of any rabbit of Myxomatosis, contact your veterinarian.

Rabbit Hemorrhagic Disease – The New Deadly Virus

Though not a new virus, it is spreading fast and fatally across the US and South America. It is caused by the rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus(RHDV), which is highly contagious and can survive in extreme conditions.

If any rabbit in your location, even a wild one, is affected by the virus, it can spread fast via your clothing and shoes. However, it doesn’t spread to humans or other animal species.

Australia and New Zealand purposefully introduced the RHDV along with myxoma virus and rabbit calicivirus to control the feral rabbit population in the country.

The disease primarily causes hepatitis and has two strains: RHDVa with an incubation period of 1–2 days and RHDV2 with 3–5 days.

Disease in Rabbits - Rabbit VaccinesVaccination for Rabbits

Although pet rabbits do not need any vaccination in the US, there are vaccines available for fatal diseases, namely:

  • Rabbit Hemorrhagic Disease(both the strains)
  • Calicivirus
  • Myxomatosis virus

Conclusion

Rabbits are the most popular small animal pets in the United States. They are naturally clean animals, and by maintaining clean housing for your pet, you can avoid most diseases.

Rabbits need a balanced diet rich in fiber. They also require regular health checks from a vet to pick up the early signs of any infection and prevent diseases.

However, a regular veterinarian would not work; you need someone trained in handling exotic pets to keep your pet happy and healthy. That is where we come in. If you suspect your pet rabbit is suffering from any of the diseases mentioned above, contact Santa Cruz Pet Clinic immediately to find treatment solutions. The faster you act, the higher the odds are of your family pet surviving.

What Causes Valley Fever in Dogs? – Symptoms and Treatments

Valley Fever (Coccidioidomycosis) - 3D Illustration Showing Fungal ArthroconidiaValley Fever (Coccidioidomycosis) is a fungal disease pretty much common among dogs in the southwestern United States. It is prevalent among dogs in the desert regions of California, Nevada, Utah, Colorado, Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas. Some reports have even made their way as far north as Oregon and Washington states.

But a study by The University of Arizona Health Sciences reports that 4% of dogs are affected by Valley Fever in the state. And the dog owners spend somewhere to the tune of $60 million every year.

And if you are considering a trip or planning to move to this part of the country, you need to learn about this disease to protect your canine family members. This article walks you through everything you need to know about Valley Fever, including symptoms, treatments, side effects, and much more.

Continue reading to learn more.

How Do Dogs Get Valley Fever?

Sometimes called “San Joaquin Valley fever” or “desert rheumatism”, Valley Fever is a respiratory illness in dogs caused by pathogenic fungi called Coccidioides immitis.

The fungus generally exists in the soil as a mold and goes into a dormant state due to the arid conditions. During the rainy season, they grow and produce long filaments that contain contagious spores. When your dog digs around, the spores are disturbed and become airborne as well. If they inhale the spores, they metamorphose into a yeast-like organism, which then infects the lungs.

Fewer than 10 spores are required to cause the disease in susceptible animals.

What Are the Symptoms of Valley Fever?

Healthy adult dogs can ward off the infection without any minimal signs of the disease. But puppies and older dogs have a weak immune system, hence they are susceptible to Valley Fever.

The most common symptoms of Valley Fever are:

  • Fever
  • Lack of energy
  • Loss of appetite
  • Weight loss
  • Coughing
  • Signs of depression

These symptoms signal a fungal infection in the lungs. As the disease progresses, the dog may develop pneumonia, which is detected through x-rays.

Your dog may take 7-21 days to develop symptoms of Valley Fever after exposure to the spores. However, the severity of the symptoms depends on the number of fungal spores inhaled by your dog.

What Is Disseminated Valley Fever in Dogs?

When the infection spreads outside the dog’s lungs, it reaches a more severe stage. In this stage, the fungus has been disseminated and spreads to other parts of the body.

The symptoms include:

  • Lameness, swollen joints, and limbs
  • Meningitis, or inflammation of the membranes around the brain and the spinal cord
  • Swollen lymph nodes under the chin, in front of the shoulder blades, or behind the stifles
  • Skull lesions (which are quite painful)
  • Muscle aches and stiffness
  • Headaches, back or neck pain
  • Seizures and other indications of the swollen central nervous system
  • Soft lumps under the skin resembling abscesses
  • Non-healing skin wounds that ooze fluid
  • Eye inflammation with pain or cloudiness
  • Sudden heart failure in a young dog
  • Photophobia (sensitivity to light)
  • Change in mental status

How Serious is Valley Fever in Dogs?

Valley Fever is deadly for dogs with a weakened immune system or underlying conditions. A small number of dogs die from the severity of the disease every year despite veterinarians’ every effort to save them.

Few may need antifungal medications for life. Then again, there is the risk of relapse or reinfections in certain other cases.

Is Valley Fever Painful in Dogs?

If the Valley Fever spreads to other parts of the body, including bones, it can then cause severe pain. For disseminated disease, the infection can spread to the bones and joints. In the event of this happening, your pet may also suffer from painful and swollen joints.

Consult your veterinarian for pain relief and cough suppressants. This will not only make him feel better but also increase his appetite. Left untreated, the dogs can lose their legs altogether. In rare cases, the infections develop on the central nervous system, which can be fatal to the animal.

Can Valley Fever Affect the Dog’s Brain?

In severe cases, Valley Fever can affect your dog’s brain. When the fungus invades the brain, it can cause seizures.

These dogs usually need treatment all through their lives. The vet will have your pet on anti-seizure medication and steroids to reduce the swelling for the time being.

What Is the Prognosis for Valley Fever in Dogs?

Generally, dogs whose infections are confined to the lungs alone have a good prognosis and respond better to treatment. However, if the infection is too severe, where it has disseminated to other parts of the body, the veterinarian will suggest hospitalization or surgery in addition to medication.

Dogs with disseminated disease may need prolonged treatment, sometimes more than a year. However, depending on the spread, few animals may be on medications for life. Another small number may die from the complications arising from underlying health conditions.

How Is the Valley Fever in Dogs Diagnosed?

The symptoms don’t correspond to Valley Fever alone but also a myriad of other conditions. Some dogs do not show any symptoms of the primary infection. The veterinarian may recommend the below tests to confirm the presence of the disease.

Valley Fever - Titer TestsOne of the tests will include a titer test. It confirms the presence of antibodies, evidence of exposure to the fungus. Depending on the dog’s signs and symptoms, he may need the following tests:

  • Blood cell counts
  • Blood chemistry panels
  • Diagnostic x-rays (chest and infected legs)
  • Biopsy of samples (fluids and tissue)

Can Valley Fever in Dogs Be Cured?

Broadly Yes! This Statistics Report says that 90% of the dogs recover from the disease if caught early. In a few cases, the vets might prescribe medication for life, but others get back to everyday life just as before Valley Fever.

But, ensure that you continue the full course of medication since they can easily relapse.

How Do You Treat Valley Fever in Dogs?

In the first place, your veterinarian would do tests and x-rays to confirm the presence of the disease.

Once confirmed, he would suggest one of the below medications:

The antifungal medication works to control the pathway and also restrict the spread of the fungus.

Depending on the severity of the infections, your dog will have medications for 6-12 months. In the case of a brain infection, the antifungal medication may be for life. But you should be able to detect an improvement in your dog’s health within 1-2 weeks.

The treatment may also require:

  • Intravenous fluids
  • Oxygen therapy
  • Surgical intervention for infected eyes and heart failure

What Are the Side Effects of Fluconazole in Dogs?

Due to its easy absorption in the GI tract, fluconazole is often the choice of a veterinarian.

Valley Fever - What Are the Side Effects of Fluconazole in Dogs?The side effects of the medication include:

Dogs with pre-existing liver and kidney issues are prone to develop a bad reaction. In these cases, the veterinarian would keep an eye on his liver enzymes via a blood test.

What Is the Follow-Up Procedure after Treatment?

The veterinarian monitors the dog’s blood panels every month as long as he is on medication. Kidney and liver blood tests help the vet understand how the animal metabolizes the drugs.

  • Liver and kidney chemistry after one month of Fluconazole.
  • Blood Chemistry after six months
  • Complete Blood Count after six months
  • Titer test every six months

However, in the case of dogs on long term treatment plan, the frequency may reduce.

How Do You Prevent Valley Fever?

Valley Fever - US States Affected by Valley Fever
US States Affected by Valley Fever

Short of moving away from the region, there is no sure-fire way to prevent canine Valley Fever. Since it is one of the endemic areas that are fastly growing, it is impossible to avoid it.

The fungus lives 12″ deep in the ground and in spotted areas. So it is not possible to treat the soil.

The better prevention method is to:

  • Avoid activities that generate dust.
  • Get the dog out of the soil.
  • Stop them from digging.
  • Do not your dog sniff rodent holes.
  • Cover your yard with gravel or grass.

Can Valley Fever Come Back in Dogs?

Yes! Valley fever is well known to come back no matter how the initial infection was treated. If a dog does not develop an antibody to the disease, he can relapse.

If your dog relapses, all you need is to get him back on the medication to control the signs. But the treatment this time around will be longer than the initial occurrence.

Can Valley Fever Cause Blindness in Dogs?

Yes! There is a chance that Valley Fever can cause blindness in your dog.

40% of the dogs suffering from the disease will have an eye infection. If your dog’s eyes are infected, then there are chances that it can develop inflammation leading to retinal detachment and glaucoma.

In rare cases, it can also cause blindness.

Is There a Vaccine for Valley Fever?

Valley Fever is a fungal infection, and as such, there is no vaccine currently available. However, considering the spread of the disease, there are vaccines currently in production.

Valley Fever in Dogs - Is it Contagious? (Dog Wearing Mask)How Much Does it Cost to Treat Valley Fever?

Treatment for Valley Fever can last from months to even years. The medication, fluconazole, costs as much as $200 per month, not factoring in the other necessary medications or tests.

Additionally, reports from Arizona state that the prices are more likely to continue to rise as they have done in the past.

Is Valley Fever in Dogs Contagious?

No! There is no record of Valley Fever being a contagious disease. Even if more animals in the household develop an infection, it is due to the inhalation of spores.

Even coughing or open sores cannot spread the disease.

Are There Vitamins or Nutritional Supplements for Dogs with Valley Fever?

Your dog can receive a multivitamin supplement to boost his overall well-being and immunity. If your dog is on ketoconazole, he will be recommended a Vitamin C supplement to aid the absorption of the drug.

Since lack of appetite is common among dogs with Valley Fever, you might have to consult your vet about his nutritional needs. He might also prescribe an appetite stimulant to help your dog eat. But if nothing else works, a feeding tube may be the only option.

If your dog has been on medication for months at a time, he may have elevated liver enzymes. Denamarin, a blend of milk thistle and SAM-e, can bring down the levels.

However, they should be used only under the advisement of a veterinarian.

Can I Give Natural Medicine for Valley Fever in Dogs?

Yes! You can give natural medications to your pet. However, it should be under the consultation of a holistic animal care practitioner.

When treating naturally, your treatment plan would be to:

  • Boost immunity
  • Feed antifungal foods, anti-inflammatory foods, and nutraceuticals

Instead of conventional antifungal medications, your vet might prescribe:

  • Caprylic Acid
  • Olive Leaf Extract and Grapefruit Seed Extract
  • Oil of Oregano
  • Colloidal Silver

Another option is to feed your pet foods containing chitinase like banana, kiwi, peach, apricot, tomatoes, turnip, watermelon, celery, apple, squash family, etc.

Conclusion

Valley Fever or desert rheumatism is caused by a fungus common in the desert regions of Arizona and the nearby states. When your dog inhales the spores of the fungus, it causes Valley Fever.

The most common early signs of Valley Fever include cough, fever, lack of appetite, and more. In the primary stage, the disease is confined to the lungs. But later on, it can disseminate and spread to other parts of the body.

While 90% of the dogs recover quickly, few others can develop complications, including seizures, blindness, brain swelling, etc. A small percentage can die from these.

Even if you don’t live in or around the Valley Fever endemic area, should you plan to visit or vacation in one of the affected states (mentioned at the outset of this article), take precautionary measures to protect your dog’s health. Do what you can to reduce your pet’s exposure to soils and airborne dust. For example, keep your dog indoors as much as is practical and leash-walk him on paved sidewalks. In the unfortunate event your dog is feeling unwell or starts showing some of the initial symptoms of Valley Fever (upon return from your trip), make sure to inform the vet of your recent travel history and ask whether a Valley Fever test should be administered. Early detection and intervention can help control your dog’s symptoms and even save your dog’s life. Your vet will prescribe the appropriate antifungal medication(s) along with pain relief and cough suppressants.

If you suspect your dog is suffering from Valley Fever, contact Santa Cruz Pet Clinic immediately to find treatment solutions. The faster you act, the higher the odds are of your family pet surviving.

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How Does a Dog Get Parvo (CPV or Canine Parvovirus)?

How does a dog get parvo?Much like humans, dogs are susceptible to a wide range of different diseases and viruses. Some of them are deadly when left untreated.

So, as a conscientious pet owner, you will want to know how to spot the disease and infection in your dog early on. One of the most highly-contagious viruses dogs have to contend against is commonly known as parvo (AKA Canine Parvovirus or CPV).

This DNA virus was first discovered in 1967 and has rapidly become a serious threat to canine health. While canine parvovirus is not airborne, it can be found on many surfaces within the environment. It is spread orally by contact with contaminated feces.

When this virus infects the bone marrow, it attacks the young immune cells, reducing the amount of protective white blood cells. This weakens the body’s immune system, the ability to protect itself, and allows the virus to more easily invade the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. This is unfortunately where the worst damage happens.

While treatment options are available, the best way to ensure your dog survives the disease is by preventing it in the first place. However, life happens, and you can’t control everything your pet does every moment of the day.

So if your dog already has parvo, you need to educate yourself about treating it properly and immediately.

Continue reading to learn more.

How Does a Dog Contract Parvo?

As stated earlier, dogs contract the parvovirus through the mouth. There are places where dogs have a higher chance of contracting the disease compared to others.

Some of those places include:

  • Apartment complexes
  • Municipal parks
  • Dog parks
  • And more!

Look at this article by Advanced Animal Care to find out more about familiar places dogs can contract parvo.

When it comes to treating the virus, there are several options.

Oral medications and IV fluids are two of the primary treatments for parvo. In some instances, tube feeding and injectable medicines are used to treat the virus.

An interesting thing to note is that certain dog breeds are at increased risk of contracting parvo.

Here are some dog breeds with a high susceptibility to parvo:

  • German Shepards
  • American Staffordshire
  • English Spaniels
  • Doberman Pinschers

You can check out this article by AKC to learn more about particular dog breeds with higher odds of catching parvo.

Curative Treatments for Parvo

Parvo does not have a cure at the moment. Veterinarians can only provide intermittent treatment for parvo. Since it’s a virus, your dog may catch it again after getting through its first infection.

With an aggressive treatment approach, the great news is that the survival rate of parvo can reach 91%. To get the best outcome after your dog catches parvo, you need to contact a reliable veterinarian clinic.

Santa Cruz Pet Clinic offers reliable and effective parvo treatment services. Backed by years of experience.

You should always take your pet to a reputable clinic like Santa Cruz Pet Clinic when you notice your dog displaying the signs of parvo.

Parvo has many signs and symptoms. Common symptoms of parvo include:

  • Fever
  • Loss of appetite
  • Lethargy
  • Vomiting

FAQ: People Also Ask

Q: How does a dog get parvo?
A: parvo enters the canine system via the mouth. This can occur when your dog eats off the floor or cleans itself. It’s commonly spread from dog to dog.

Q: How do you treat a dog with parvo?
A: there are several treatments for parvo. The most common include controlling your dog’s nausea, keeping them hydrated, and reducing bacterial infections when possible.

Q: Can a dog with parvo survive?
A: According to reputable veterinarians who have treated the condition, the survival rate of parvo is 68%-92%. While your dog can survive, you must catch the disease early in its progression.

Contact Santa Cruz Pet Clinic

If you suspect your pet is suffering from parvo, contact Santa Cruz Pet Clinic immediately to find treatment solutions. The faster you act, the higher the odds are of your dog surviving.

Protect your dog’s safety and health by using all of the tips we’ve included in this article.

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At What Age Should a Cat Be Spayed?

At what age should a cat be spayed?Cats are furry little creatures that bring warmth and joy to the heart. For some people, the more, the merrier. For those, having just one to call their own is sufficient. But, regardless of your preference for quantity, cats are animals, and they breed. If you’re someone who wants to enjoy the company of your cat only, look out for unwanted pregnancies.

It can happen at any time, while out on a simple walk or even while taking your cat to visit a friend. Aside from the contraceptive benefits offered by the spaying process. It also provides some direct health benefits, which is something to consider.

Spaying can protect cats from developing certain types of cancers later in life. But, it can also expose them to the early development of certain conditions when done improperly. So, you need to follow the proper procedure related to spaying your at.

There are several factors to consider before spaying a cat. You need to consider these variables to avoid any accidents during the process. Age is one of the most critical variables to consider, amongst other things. You should always take your cat to a professional veterinarian clinic like Santa Cruz Pet Clinic.

Doing so protects you from dealing with any potentially fatal side effects of the procedure.

To learn more, continue reading.

What is the right age to spay a cat, according to Santa Cruz Pet Clinic?

Before we get into the right age to spay a cat. It’s essential to know the entire reason behind doing so. Spaying your cat aids in reducing the number of homeless pets on the streets. So, in essence, spaying is a form of birth control. Spayed cats also exhibit different behaviors after the treatment.

In terms of overall benefits, spaying has been proven to extend the lifespan of cats. You also won’t have to worry about your cat going into heat. The cost of caring for a kitten or a litter is way higher than the cost of spaying. Which is another main benefit of the procedure.

For most kittens, you should spay them at eight weeks old. Doing so provides a safeguard against any potential problems that could arise during the process. But, keep in mind cats can be spayed at older ages too.

When spaying older cats, you should always get them inspected before doing so. This will protect your cat from developing any potential medical problems as a result of the procedure.

Once the spaying process is complete, you need to care for your feline correctly.

Caring for your cat after the spaying process

After being spayed, your cat will likely experience several mood swings and behavior changes.

To help them deal with these life changes, you need to set out a few precautions to ensure they remain comfortable during the process.

There are several things you can do to ensure the safe recovery of your cat after spaying.

Here are some steps you can use to ensure your cat remains comfortable after being spayed:

  • Create a quiet area in your home for your cat to recover
  • inspect the incision area daily to check for any potential infections
  • Try to stop your pet from licking their incision
  • Reduce the physical activity of your cat for at least two weeks after surgery
  • Don’t bathe your cat for at least 10 days after spaying

These are all things that will enable you to ensure your cat recovers fully and comfortably. They will also help safeguard your cat from developing infections near the incision area.

People Also Ask

Q: What is the best age to spay a cat?
A: you should spay a cat only after they’ve successfully taken all of their primary vaccinations. The age at which this occurs is typically about four months old. This age also increases the odds of reducing unwanted pregnancy.

Q: Is a cat too old to be spayed?
A: contrary to popular belief, the answer is no. Cats of all ages can be spayed with the correct preparation.

Q: Why should you not spay your cat?
A: spaying does carry potentially fatal side effects. It can trigger various cancers and other illnesses in your feline. To avoid issues, always get a proper veterinarian check-up before spaying.

Understanding at what age should a cat be spayed

By following these tips, you can save your cat tons of stress and medical issues. There are several benefits to spaying you should explore. Talk with your veterinarian to see the best options for your cat. For more information please contact Santa Cruz Veterinary Clinic today.

Why Should You Spay Your Dog?

Why should you spay your dogTLDR: spaying your dog early on reduces the odds of them de eloping uterine diseases. A reduction in breast tumors also occurs after spaying. Spaying is a process that removes the female reproductive organs. Doing so removes the odds of you having to care for accidental offspring. Spaying only takes a few hours, and you can often get your dog back the same day.

You should worry about keeping their reproductive organs under control for those who own a female dog or cat. Failing to solve your dog or cat’s sexual organ issues, you can expose them to various diseases. In addition to disease exposure, your cat or dog will also suffer from possible accidental pregnancy. For female cats and dogs, the surgery used to remove their sexual organs is called spaying.

Benefits of spaying your dog

Spaying your dog reduces the odds of them developing uterine cancer. It also reduces the chances of breast tumor development. These are just some of the primary benefits of spaying your dog. To achieve optimal birth control, following the recommended advice for spaying your dog.

Below, we will provide you with a detailed view of why you should spay your dog and do so the right way.

Why should you spay your dog?

Spaying your dog before her first heat is the best way to avoid all of the conditions mentioned above. Spaying promotes a healthier life for your female dog all around. Spaying eliminates your dog’s cycle, so they don’t go into heat around random males. Spaying your dog maintains strict control over their behavior, ensuring they don’t roam.
Spaying saves you the money you’d otherwise spend caring for your dog’s offspring. Spaying your dog has no significant impact on weight gain or loss, so there is nothing to worry about. While some dogs can be spayed as early as 4 months, the average age is about 6-9 months.

Once you decide to proceed with the spaying procedure, your veterinarian will give you pre-surgical tips on making the process go as smoothly as possible. While the spaying process is fairly painless, proper after-care is important.
The spaying process itself only takes a few hours. But, some veterinarians may want to keep your dog overnight. Regardless of when you pick your dog up, you’ll need to ensure they receive proper after-care.

Caring for your dog after spaying

Here are some basic after-care tips everyone should follow when getting their dog spayed:

⦁ Create a comfortable and quiet space for your dog to recover
⦁ Check on the site of the surgical incision to ensure adequate healing is occurring
⦁ Do not bathe your dog for at least 10 days after surgery
⦁ Try to prevent your dog from licking the incision site

Following all of these after-care tips, you can expect a speedy and full recovery from your dog. At the sight of any redness or swelling at the surgery site, you should contact your veterinarian as soon as possible.

People Also Ask

Q: Why you should not spay your dog?
A: you shouldn’t spay your dog before 1 year to avoid bone cancer development.

Q: Do female dogs change after being spayed?
A: yes, female dogs become less aggressive after spaying. Their behavior patterns also become more consistent.

Q: What is the best age to spay a dog?
A: as per general guidelines, it’s acceptable to spay most dogs between 4 and 6 months.

Understanding why should you spay your dog

We’ve covered all of the critical facts and information you need to know about spaying your dog. Use this article to ensure your dog has a successful spaying procedure with optimal recovery. For more information on getting your dog spayed contact Santa Cruz Veterinary Clinic today.

How Do I Comfort My Dog after Being Spayed?

How do i comfort my dog after being spayedTLDR: to help your dog recover as comfortable as possible after being spayed, you need to do a few key things. Make sure you have enough food and water for your dog so that they will be able to replenish their vital nutrients and fluids. You also want to make sure that your dog has a quiet place that is free of any small children or other pets so that they can recover uninterrupted.

Whether you have a female or male dog, spaying them is a process by which their reproductive organs are removed permanently. The spaying process will always occur when your dog is under some anesthesia medication; consequently, the odds of feeling pain while the surgery is happening are very low.

However, that doesn’t exempt them from feeling pain after the treatment process is complete. You need to be aware of several things as it relates to the aftercare involved with dealing with a dog after spaying is complete. Depending on the particular process used to spay your dog, they may need to have some stitches removed.

Let’s break down how you can comfort your dog after being spayed

To ensure you take care of your dog correctly after being spayed, continue reading to find out all the critical facts you need.
How do I comfort my dog after being spayed

One of the best ways to make your dog’s recovery process go smoothly is by ensuring they have a quiet place to recover in. It would be best if you also made sure that no distractions are interfering with your dog’s recovery process.

There are some essential tools you’ll need to make the entire recovery process streamlined, take a look below to see what they are.

Essential tools you need to help your dog recover after being spayed:

⦁ Dog kennel
⦁ Blanket or towel
⦁ Quiet space
⦁ Dog bed
⦁ E-collar
⦁ Food and water
⦁ Garbage bags or puppy pads

All of these tools will be used during the recovery process to help your dog deal with whatever lingering pain they may be experiencing. If you know that your dog has a favorite toy, try comforting them by bringing it around during the recovery process.
Remember, what your dog needs most during the recovery process is to heal without any interruptions. All of the tools listed above are simply additions which will make that process much easier.

Helping your dog through the recovery process after being spayed

Consider using an inflatable cone collar on your dog during their recovery process as it will decrease the odds of them injuring themselves accidentally by making the wrong move. When handling your dog, make sure you use soft gestures and try to move as slowly as possible; this will ease their emotions and bring them into a peaceful state of mind.

As long as you have enough food and water for them to consume, you shouldn’t face too many problems recovering after spaying.

Q: How do I make my dog comfortable after being spayed?
A: make sure your dog has a nice and quiet place to rest after the spaying process. Try to maintain room temperature during your dog’s recovery process and keep away small children or other pets until the recovery process is complete.

Q: What can I give my dog for pain after being spayed?
A: some of the best medications you can give your dog after being spayed include: Rimadyl & Torbugesic. You should only follow the official rules and guidelines outlined by your veterinary specialist when it comes to giving your dog pain medication for the spaying process.

Q: How long does it take for a dog to recover from being spayed?
A: on average, it takes about 14 days in total for dogs to heal after the spaying process. In some instances, it can take longer depending on if your dog has any pre-existing medical conditions.

How do I comfort my dog after being spayed?

Using all of the tips and information in this article will help you make the spay recovery process soothe and calm for your dog. Make sure you have all of the prerequisites in line before your dog arriving back home after surgery, so you don’t disturb their recovery process. For any spaying services contact Santa Cruz Pet Clinic today.

What Age Should a Dog Be Spayed?

The best age to get your dog spayed is about four to six months.TLDR: spaying your female dog will remove her uterus and ovaries, resulting in her inability to have any new babies. Dog owners commonly get their dogs spayed to avoid unexpected pregnancy while also neutralizing their behavior overall. The best age to get your female dog spayed is about four to six months. By spaying your dog at an early age, you will significantly reduce the odds of breast cancer development.

Dogs are a man’s best friend, that’s the most common sentiment that you will find when asking many pet owners how they feel about their dogs. While this may be true, there are certain instances where your dog may become a burden, that you no longer want to deal with. One of the most common problems that dog owners experience is that of unwanted pregnancy.

Dealing with female dogs

If you own a female dog, the responsibility of taking care of the puppies will likely fall on you since your dog will be the one carrying the newborns. For those dog owners that don’t want to deal with a situation like this, the best solution is to have your female dog spayed.

Spaying your female dog will remove her uterus and ovaries, rendering her incapable of having babies even in the event of sporadic intercourse. Before spaying your dog, you need to take into consideration several factors.

To ensure that you get optimal results from the spaying procedure, continue reading to find out everything you need to know.

At what age should a dog be spayed?

In general, the best age to spay your female dog is about six months of age. At this stage in their development, all of their organs have fully developed, so you won’t have to worry about encountering any medical issues once the procedure is complete. You can also spay your female dog at four months of age, as this will reduce her exposure to developing breast cancer quite significantly.

If you have an adult female dog, you can spay her at any time because there are no developing organs or other hormonal systems that can become impacted by the surgery. When you decide to spay your dog, it’s important to note that you may not get her back the same day as the procedure.

Some veterinarians will keep your dog overnight to ensure they have enough time to recover properly. Your dog’s blood work may also be required before surgery, which is something to keep in mind. It’s also recommended that your dog not eat 8 hours before their operation to avoid any complications.

After-care

After the spaying procedure is complete, you’ll want to take a few after-care measures to ensure your dog recovers as fast as possible. It’s normal for dogs to cough after being spayed due to the anesthesia; pain medication may also be prescribed for pain management reasons. Only remove the stitches your dog has for at least 7-10 days after the surgery has been complete.

It’s common for your dog to feel nauseous for the first 1-2 days after surgery. Consistent moving and high activity levels can cause your dog’s recovery process to become inhibited, that’s why you should avoid letting them engage in any strenuous activity for about a week after the procedure is complete.

People Also Ask

Q: What happens if you spay a dog too early?
A: If you spay your dog too early, you run the risk of exposing them to health problems such as bone cancer, torn ligaments, and hip dysplasia, amongst other things. This is why it’s so vital for you to ensure that you only put your dog through the spaying process when you know they are ready for it.

Q: How much does it cost to spay a female dog?
A: On average, it costs about $35-$400 dollars to spay a female dog fully. Female dog spaying costs more than neutering a male dog by far; however, the specific clinic you decide to take your dog to will also play a significant role in determining the final price you pay.

Q: Do female dogs calm down after spaying?
A: In appropriate-aged dogs, you can expect a significant drop in “wild” behavioral patterns. However, the amount of time that it takes for your dog to calm down will vary depending on their specific breed. Some dogs take months to calm down while others take a few years to do so.

Knowing when to get your dog spayed

Now that you know all of the critical information required to make your dog’s spaying process go as smoothly as possible, have fun with your new dog since you won’t have to worry about unexpected pregnancy anymore. Before taking your female dog to get spayed, ask yourself these two simple questions: “Is my female dog at the appropriate age to get spayed?” and “Am I prepared to care for my dog after the procedure?”

Do Male Dogs Change after Being Neutered?

you can expect sharp changes in your dog's attitude right when you bring them home from the procedure.TLDR: Neutering, your male dog, has several benefits, such as reducing the likelihood of developing various canine cancers and prostate disease. Neutering is a reasonably safe process; however, you can expect sharp changes in your dog’s attitude right when you bring them home from the procedure. These side effects can range from increased aggression, depression, anxiety, or even clinginess; however, they only last for a short amount of time.

Male dogs, especially young ones, have a propensity to be very “active” in the sexual arena while they are developing and even at older ages if not neutered. This can cause you as the owner because the last thing you want is a bunch of pups running around that you now have to take care of or go through the hassle of finding a safe home. The best way to avoid situations like this is by having your male dog neutered.

Neutering is very effective for reducing your male dog’s sexual appetite; however, it can also activate other behavioral symptoms in them that you may not expect. One of the most well-known adverse effects of having your male dog neutered is that they will often become more aggressive. However, increased aggression is just one small side effect of neutering as the procedure has many more pros than it does cons.

To get a better understanding of all the changes you can expect to see in your male dog after having them neutered, continue reading.

Do male dogs experience mood changes after being neutered?

As we mentioned before, the primary benefits of having your male dog neutered lie in an overall reduction of the odds that they develop a wide range of canine cancers. While male dogs who are neutered do experience an increase in aggressive behaviors right after the procedure, neutering can make them much less aggressive over time. In fact, neutering has bee proven to create a much happier and calmer male dog over time.

One of the huge determining factors as to whether your male dog will become more aggressive after being neutered is the type of breed they are. Certain dog breeds are naturally more aggressive than others, so the temporary imbalance in hormones that neutering causes can spike aggressive behaviors in male dog breeds that are predisposed to violent tendencies in the first place.

The most obvious physical change that your male dog will go through is the removal of their testicles; however, once the incision scars heal, it’s barely noticeable. Neutering your dog is great because it bolsters improved health and a longer life overall.

Other changes to expect in your male dog after being neutered

After being neutered, male dogs will display other beneficial tendencies besides a reduction in their aggressive nature. Take a look below to see some of the most common changes you will notice in your male dog after they have been neutered.

Other Common Behavioral Changes In Male Dogs After Being Neutered

⦁ Less likelihood of your dog wandering off

⦁ Less propensity to hump other dogs

⦁ Reduction in sporadic urination around your home

⦁ Less aggressive behavior

People Also Ask

Q: How does neutering affect a male dog?
A: Male dogs can experience several benefits from being neutered. Neutering your male dog can lower testicular cancer risk in addition to other illnesses like prostate disease. Neutering has also been known to reduce the tendency of roaming in male dogs.

Q: What is the best age to neuter a male dog?
A: For most male dogs, it’s recommended that you get them neutered around the ages of six to nine months old. If you have a male puppy, the recommended age range for neutering is eight weeks.

Q: Do male dogs get aggressive after being neutered?
A: Yes, it’s quite common for male dogs to experience an increase in aggression after being neutered. Neutering your male dog can also cause behavioral symptoms such as increases in fearful behavior, hyperarousal, and more.

Now you know how male dogs change after being neutered

Now, you know all of the common changes you can expect to see in your male dog’s behavior after having him neutered. Male dogs are put under anesthesia during the process, so it’s not inhumane. Before getting the procedure done, ask yourself, “Does my male dog display symptoms that neutering would solve?” and “How will neutering affect my specific dog breed?” Once you answer these questions, you will be able to experience an entirely new pet.

How Soon Can You Release Feral Cats after Spaying?

TLDR: Feral cats are once domesticated but then have become wild due to being abandoned or lost. Feral cats tend to show very fearful behavior towards humans so getting them spayed requires that you set a clean trap, hold them at least 24hrs before surgery, and release them in the same area where you caught them.

A feral cat is one that was once domesticated but now is lost and living outdoors amongst a colony of other cats. Feral cats also tend to be very afraid of people, so they are categorized as having anti-social behavior. If you work for an animal rescue facility or are an independent person who has a passion for helping animals in need, learning the proper technique involved with spaying a feral cat can be a valuable skill for you to develop.

Aside from knowing when to release feral cats after being spayed, you also need to know the proper protocol involved with catching them before the surgery. In addition to all of the substantive care procedures, they must undergo while in your care.

Below, we’re going to provide you with a detailed guide as to when you should release feral cats after being spayed and all of the other important information you need to know about the entire process.

What’s the safest time to release feral cats after spaying? 

First, you always want to make sure that you keep the cats inside of their trap or carrying case overnight at temperatures of at least 70-degrees or warmer. Preparing the holding space for the cat can help make the entire process of surgery go much smoother. You should set up your holding area by using a tarp on the ground with cardboard on top of it.

This will absorb any food waste, water, or urine that may be dispelled by the cat while in storage. Remember the location where you catch the cats because you have to release them in the same area they were released, or else it can have adverse effects on them after surgery.

The cat’s gender will play a huge role in the amount of time you need to wait before releasing them. Female cats should typically be held for about 48hrs after surgery is complete before being released back into their initial capture location. Male cats usually only need 24hrs for recovery after surgery, however.

How to handle feral cats after spaying 

You must carefully and cautiously handle feral cats because failing to do so can result in the cat escaping after being caught. There is a fundamental process you can follow to ensure that you release your feral cats safely and effectively.

Here is the step-by-step process required to release feral cats safely:

  • Leave the cats in their trap during the entire time of their recovery. Trying to transfer them or move their carrier can lead to injury or them escaping.
  • Always keep the cats inside a temperature-controlled environment that is draft-free. If that is not possible, try to store the cats in an area not directly exposed to external weather elements.
  • Keep the cats trap covered at all times to add a sense of security and protection to the cat. Keep the trap lined with newspaper so that it will not become stained with any excrement from the cat.
  • If you notice any discharges or bleeding during the recovery process, you should contact our veterinarian as soon as possible.

As long as you follow all of these simple rules, you will be able to release feral cats like a true professional.

People Also Ask 

Where can I get a feral cat spayed?

There are many different places you can get a feral cat spayed in your local area. You can find a feral cat spaying facility near you by calling 1-800-248-SPAY or by looking up the Best Friends Animal Sanctuary on google.

How long should you keep a feral cat after spaying?

Feral cats tend to need to be held for about 24hrs-72hrs after surgery is successful. Male cars can recover quickly, so they tend only to need about 24hrs to recover.

How much does it cost to spay a feral cat?

While the final cost to spay a feral cat varies, it typically costs about $300-$500 to spay a female cat. Male cats cost about $200 to spay on the other hand.

Conclusion 

We’ve given you all of the vital information you need to know about spaying a feral cat and the processes you need to follow once the surgery is complete. Use all of these tips to safely and efficiently spay any feral cat you may have an interest in.

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